How to Create a Good Literature Review (Updated )

 

creating a literature review

Feb 18,  · Intro to Creating a Literature Review Palgrave's Study Guide to Carrying Out a Literature Review. Your research is seen as a contribution to knowledge in the field and it needs to indicate, therefore, that there is an awareness of what that knowledge comprises. Read this guide to . Nov 02,  · To do a literature review, start by finding a variety of reliable sources that all relate to one topic or theme. Then, read through the sources and come up with a thesis statement for your paper. Once you have your thesis, explain how the sources you %(11). The kinds of sources you use are also vital to your success when it comes to creating a good literature review. Most instructors will give you guidance on what kinds of sources are acceptable to include in your literature review. Whether or not you get that guidance, make sure you evaluate the quality of each source before you decide to use it.


Guidelines for writing a literature review


For term papers and research papers, you'll need to write a literature review. If you've never had to do a literature review before, creating a literature review, it can seem really difficult. Fortunately, it doesn't have to be complicated or hard to do. You can learn to produce great literature reviews that offer a lot of value to the reader of the paper and provide all the information needed. Whether your literature review creating a literature review just a couple of pages or you need something that's much longer, the basic method for handling that review is the same, creating a literature review.

In some cases you'll need to write a specific literature review chapter, which could be 50 pages or more. In other cases, you'll only need to write a few pages as a part of creating a literature review overall paper. No matter which you're asked to do, you can follow the steps offered here to create a great literature review.

First, a literature review surveys existing literature. That means spending time in the library or in academic databases, reading and evaluating what scholars have already written on your topic. If you are writing about the effectiveness of reward-based training for dogs, your literature review will consist of what other experts have written on reward-based training for dogs.

However, a review of the literature does not simply list all the published sources on the topic. Your literature review will also synthesize what you have learned and analyze weaknesses or gaps in the literature.

Here are a few things to keep in mind as you begin your literature review:. A literature review can be a stand-alone document, creating a literature review. When your review of literature is a stand-alone document it may resemble a traditional research paper in that you are conducting a systematic evaluation of topic and drawing a conclusion from that research. The conclusion you draw will be your thesis statement. However, most often a literature review is part of a larger research paper.

It is an opportunity for you to research the subject you are interested in, discover what has already been said or done, and to make a case for why your own research is warranted. The results of your literature review will be used to support or refute your own hypothesis.

Seems like a no-brainer, right? The first thing you'll need to do before you can create your literature review is make sure you know what topic you're going to be working with, creating a literature review.

Don't worry about narrowing it down just yet. Instead, focus on the larger picture of what you want to address. There is a topic that matters to you — or that has been assigned to you — and you want to see what creating a literature review you can find out about that topic. As you do that, you'll get a better idea of the specifics of it. Once you understand those specifics, you'll be more likely to see which specific issues within that topic area are right for your paper.

Looking at a broad area at first is a great way to explore the topic, though, and determine the subtle sections within it that might be of value for your paper. Take your time, read through the material, and focus in on what will be right for the literature review you're going to create. You want to make sure the literature review covers everything important for your paper, and that it doesn't waste time talking about unrelated issues, even if they are part of the same, broad topic area.

Once you've found the right area to discuss and you've read through the relevant material, it's time to narrow things down. You might be surprised how difficult it can be to narrow down your topic area. Even if you're writing a large literature review section that's going to require many pages, you still don't want to ramble or address issues that aren't related to your specific study or paper. Many people struggle with literature reviews because they focus on a broad topic and then have trouble covering it the right way.

When you want to cover a topic, it's better to find a narrow focus and discuss that thoroughly, instead of finding a broad focus and glossing over a lot of the details. Literature reviews should be very specific to the papers in which they are found, and they should thoroughly address the information that has been located by other researchers in the past.

If the review is not conducted that way, there will be a lot of detail left out and a lot of good information overlooked. It can even make the study confusing. Narrow your focus as much as possible, and then go into detail about past studies that are related to that focus. The kinds of sources you use are also vital to your success when it comes to creating a good literature review. Most instructors will give creating a literature review guidance on what kinds of sources are acceptable to include in your literature review.

Whether or not you get that guidance, make sure you evaluate the quality of each source before you decide to use it. In general, you want peer-reviewed sources that are found in journals. You don't creating a literature review to use Wikipedia, personal blogs, or anything like that.

If anyone could have written it and it hasn't been reviewed by others in the field or published in an industry journal or textbook, creating a literature review, it's best avoided as part of your literature review.

There are some exceptions, but it's better to stick to what you know will be acceptable to your instructor and what you can back up as being scientific or peer-reviewed in nature. That will help you get a better grade and write a good literature review that will become an important part of your paper. It's possible that your instructor will tell you the minimum number of sources you have to use, but he or she may also leave it up to you.

If you don't have a set amount of sources you must use, be careful you don't use that as an excuse to just use a couple sources. A literature review should cover the pertinent literature on the topic, which means you want to be clear on what you're reviewing and spend time finding the sources that address the issue you're going to cover. In fact, this does not mean you need to review all the sources you use in your research report. The literature review will synthesize the most important sources to provide the reader with some substantial background information on the subject.

Ideally, you will review sources that both agree and disagree with your point of view or substantiate your hypothesis. While it's not necessary to scour the planet to find every obscure reference in existence and put it into your literature review, you should be thorough in what you include. All major, relevant studies in the present and recent past should be included, creating a literature review. Some instructors only want sources from a certain time period, such as not more than five or 10 years old.

Barring these kinds of requirements, you can use both recent studies and those that go back a number of years. This can be particularly important if the subject you're discussing has undergone significant changes over time.

For a large, multi-page literature review with a number of studies on related topics, you may want to create an outline. This will help guide you as you write your review, and will also help you group your sources into categories so you can write about them creating a literature review. If you avoid this step, you'll spend a lot of time going back and including sources that you missed, or you'll end up with a literature review that repeats itself or doesn't flow very well from one area of discussion to another.

For very short literature reviews that are only a couple creating a literature review pages, creating a literature review, however, you can probably skip this step.

Once you've found all the right sources for the topic you've narrowed down, it's time to write a first draft. Focus on one study or group of studies at a time, and follow your outline. Work through the list of sources and the outline methodically, so you don't miss something important.

You want to make sure you address each study and how it relates to the other studies in the group. Your outline will be very valuable to you during creating a literature review step, and if you've done it correctly you'll finish your first draft with the knowledge that you've addressed every study you intended to talk about.

If you did miss something, go back and add it to the group of studies related to it. Then take a short break. Your first draft is a big accomplishment, especially if the literature review is very long and part of a much larger study creating a literature review paper such as a dissertation or similar work.

While your first draft includes all the studies you wanted to talk about, your literature review isn't done yet. You still need to revise it and make any edits necessary.

Don't rely solely on your computer's spelling and grammar checker for this step. You'll need to read back through your literature review carefully. Make sure the proper studies are cited, and that you didn't plagiarize by not citing information that came from any of your sources.

Check to ensure you have the right number of sources listed, and that all of the sources in your literature review section are included in the bibliography at the end of creating a literature review paper. Reading your review aloud can also help you catch mistakes you might not notice when you read it silently, creating a literature review, like awkward phrasing or an unclear statement.

After all the editing and revising has been completed, it's time to put your literature review into your paper. When you do that, make sure to read through the entire paper and make sure everything flows properly. You want the review to tie everything together properly. If it seems too choppy where it meets the other information, you may want to write a couple of transition sentences or paragraphs, so your paper is easy to follow and moves forward properly.

The better the flow of your literature review and your overall paper, the easier it will be to read and understand. That can lead to a much better grade, overall, creating a literature review. As with any substantial piece of writing, you may need to begin with an outline of what you are going to discuss in the literature review.

The outline will help you organize all the material you have reviewed into categories or themes, and then synthesize and organize the material in ways that your reader will appreciate.

If you have a large number of sources in your literature review, it might be helpful to begin by making a list and writing notes on each of the sources. In social sciences subjects like economics, sociology, creating a literature review, and psychology, make a note of the research methods, theoretical framework, and other pertinent issues that distinguish each item in the review of literature, creating a literature review.

Experts suggest the following steps in preparing your literature review :. Suggestions for grouping articles into categories including distinguishing between articles that used qualitative versus quantitative research methodscreating a literature review, articles that focus on a specific theoretical framework such as psychoanalytical versus cognitive-behavioral psychology, or articles that emphasize different elements or variables related to your hypothesis such as gender versus socio-economic class.

When you are working with a large number of articles for your review of literature, it might be helpful to list each one in order almost as if you were creating an annotated bibliography. Jot down important aspects of each study, such as the methods used, and the conclusions drawn. Summarize each article briefly. You might want to also mention any limitations in the study design or weaknesses in the research. This is one of the most important step in outlining your literature review, because this is where you begin the job of synthesizing the literature for your reader.

In fact, creating a literature review, the essence of a good literature review is synthesis of the data. The best way to organize your literature review is through a visual or thematic concept map. You can group the studies in your literature review according to whether the authors explored counseling, pharmacological, or family systems methods of treating PTSD.

If you prefer to show the reader how research on PTSD has evolved over the years, then you can instead create a concept map that groups research into chronological categories. Or, you could create concept maps based on the population sampling differences in the literature.

 

How to Do a Literature Review: 13 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow

 

creating a literature review

 

In Conclusion. An outline of an outline of review literature as an assignment writing is very important as a means of organizing the writer’s idea and creating a roadmap that will guide the final literature review outline. It is equally imperative to remember that outlines can be reviewed severally and for that reason, mistakes are acceptable at the beginning. Feb 18,  · Intro to Creating a Literature Review Palgrave's Study Guide to Carrying Out a Literature Review. Your research is seen as a contribution to knowledge in the field and it needs to indicate, therefore, that there is an awareness of what that knowledge comprises. Read this guide to . The kinds of sources you use are also vital to your success when it comes to creating a good literature review. Most instructors will give you guidance on what kinds of sources are acceptable to include in your literature review. Whether or not you get that guidance, make sure you evaluate the quality of each source before you decide to use it.